Tag Archives: estate law
A Power of Attorney document (POA) is a document that provides an efficient and cost effective transfer of authority from you to another. With a power of attorney, you can rest assured that in the event of your incapacity, a person you have selected will have the authority to act on your behalf with a clear understanding of your priorities and goals.
Without a POA, you expose yourself and your family to costly and potentially confusing legal proceedings, and the intervention of state authority. It is simply a fact that in the absence of a POA, you have created a vacuum of authority wherein the court, not you, makes the call as to the identity of your agent. That agent will then have the authority to proceed on your behalf, to make binding decisions that may or may not be in accordance with your intent.
Power of Attorney authority may be granted temporarily, and it can be withdrawn in the event that you change your mind as to either your selected agent or the scope of the authority granted therein.
When there is no Power of Attorney, legal costs can decimate one’s estate with an undesirable outcome. The worst calls we receive are, “My dad has Alzheimer’s and now he cannot sign a check.” It’s too late then. You should create a POA before the fact, while you’re lucent and competent. In fact, we recommend creating a POA at 18, when you become an adult. No one knows how their lives will proceed, all we can do is prepare ourselves so that whatever occurs, our families and ourselves are protected and prepared to the full extent possible. As Benjamin Franklin professed, “a stitch in time, saves nine.”
Q: What type of situation warrants the need for a Power of Attorney?
A: Incapacity – the onset of a short-term or long-term debilitating condition either physical, mental or emotional – typically triggers the use of a POA.
Q: What details should be covered in the document
A: The Power of Attorney grants the authority to do what you want to have done. POAs are typically narrowly construed by the court, so the document should be detailed according to your wishes. Unless powers are specifically and clearly stated, they do not exist.
A Power of Attorney can be limited to a single financial account or can encompass the entirety of an individual’s estate. In the former, each asset should be considered. We highly recommend adding additional powers that should be covered in your Power of Attorney and listed as follows:
Health Care Decisions – In a world where HIPAA limits a physician’s ability to disclose health care information, it is vital for an agent to have authority to interact with the medical community to make decisions on your behalf.
Long-term Health Care – Long-term health care planning powers should be expressly stated. The more guidance you can provide your agent and your family, the easier you will make their decisions.
Financial Authority – Money supports your care. A plan should be in place so that your agent understands the authority he has been granted and your wishes as to the liquidation/expenditure of your assets.
Real Estate – whether the POA should grant the agent’s authority to sell, transfer, and/or mortgage real property is an important discussion, especially where Medicaid considerations are involved.
Gifting / Discretionary Spending – without express written authority from you to make gifts, your agent will not be able to give Christmas or Birthday gifts to your family, or even tithe to your church.
Q: Why should I hire an attorney to create a Power of Attorney?
A: An experienced attorney can provide insight and understanding in the creation of a document that is too often treated as a throw-away. The fact is a well-crafted document, within the context of our hopes and intentions, can support our families in times of crisis. Simple legal forms often lack the express authority and detail required to perfect an individual’s goals and objectives.
Further, a carefully drafted and properly executed POA is a form of litigation prevention. In a world where families can be extraordinarily aggressive in asserting authority over still-living elders, a defendable POA is the first layer of protection to ensure that your intentions will be honored.
For more information about Power of Attorney documents, you should contact an experienced estate planning attorney. An experienced attorney may help you understand the benefits and details of a POA to help enable you to make the proper decisions for you and your loved ones.
On Friday October 14, 2016, Governor Christie signed into law a comprehensive tax package with important tax cuts including the phasing out of the New Jersey estate tax. Specific to the estate tax, the legislation provides that the current $675,000 exemption from state estate tax will be increased to $2 million on January 1, 2017, and on January 1, 2018, the New Jersey estate tax will be completely eliminated. It is crucial to note that the inheritance tax (a tax on bequests to non-lineal descendants, i.e. individuals who are not children, grandchildren and their descendants) remains intact.
The other New Jersey estate tax breaks are as follows:
1. Over four years beginning on January 1, 2017, the current exclusions from income tax on retirement income increase from
a. $20,000 to $100,000 for joint filers;
b. $15,000 to $75,000 for individuals;
c. $10,000 to $50,000 for married couples who file separately.
2. The state sales tax decreases from the present 7% to 6.875% in 2017 and then to 6.625% in 2018.
3. The earned income tax credit, which is available to the working poor, will increase from 30% to 35% of the federal credit.
4. Veterans who were honorably discharged from service will receive a personal exemption from income tax equal to $3,000.
The quid pro quo for these tax cuts is a 23 cents per gallon increase in the gasoline tax.
The repeal of the New Jersey estate tax could ease the anxiety of long-time New Jersey residents who have contemplated moving out of state because they want to preserve an inheritance for their children. The new legislation significantly increases the amount of wealth that will be shielded from estate taxation in 2017 and by January 1, 2018, the New Jersey estate tax will be eliminated.
Accordingly, we would encourage all individuals to review their estate planning, including their wills and trusts, with their attorneys in light of these significant changes. If you do not have an estate plan, now is the time to schedule a consultation with an estate attorney to formulate a plan. For clients who have had trusts set up, a review with an attorney is recommended to find out if your current plan has sufficient flexibility in an environment of no New Jersey estate tax.